SDG12: RESPONSIBLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

The Sustainable Development Goals (2015-2030), also known by its acronym SDGs, are an initiative promoted by the United Nations to give continuity to the development agenda after the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). There are 17 objectives and 169 targets proposed as a continuation of the MDGs, including new areas such as climate change, economic inequality, innovation, sustainable consumption and peace, and justice, among other priorities. After a negotiation process on the SDGs that involved 193 member states of the UN, on September 25, 2015, the 193 world leaders approved at a summit held in New York in a high-level plenary meeting of the General Assembly, an Agenda entitled “Transform our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development ", which entered into force on January 1, 2016.

The 12th goal of the Sustainable Development Goals calls for the effective management of natural resources and chemicals, the reduction of polluting waste products, and the disposal of toxic waste.

This goal also encourages industries, businesses and consumers to reduce and recycle waste, in addition to supporting developing countries to move towards more sustainable consumption patterns by 2030.

Sustainable consumption and production is defined as the use of related services and products that respond to citizens' basic needs and provide them with a better quality of life.

The increasing global population, degradation of natural resources and increasing urbanization inevitably lead to less feeding of more people with less water, agricultural land and rural employment, and in turn means the need to shift to more sustainable methodologies of production and consumption.

In Lebanon, the waste crisis that appeared in 2015 and again in 2020 is the most prominent challenge facing the Lebanese people due to fears of its dangerous repercussions on their health and environmental security, namely in light of the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak and the high number of infections.

Facing the waste problem, which is a crisis that afflicts Lebanese citizens at the core of their daily lives and directly affects their health and safety, the Lebanese University seeks to be a strong contributor to reducing the ecological footprint by changing production and consumption methods, either through agreements and partnerships concluded with local and foreign bodies or through initiatives and activities organized by the students and professors, or through research conducted in the laboratories of a number of its faculties and doctoral schools.

GOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and Production

Lebanon is party to multilateral environmental treaties, protocols and conventions, and national and sectoral legislation, policies and strategies have, to different degrees, incorporated sustainability principles. Nevertheless, there is still a need for a national sustainable development strategy and vision that connects these principles across sectors to cover all production and consumption patterns. The environment protection law (444/2002), and a number of application decrees, support the cleaner production techniques, biodiversity conservation, prevention of natural resource degradation, environmental monitoring (pollution sources and abatement systems) and setting landfill standards and promoting recycling. The Ministries of Environment and Industry developed Lebanon’s Action Plan for Sustainable Consumption and Production for the Industrial Sector in 2015.

Solid waste management is a large, ongoing sector policy challenge. Lebanon, party to international conventions on hazardous waste management, has issued a national healthcare waste management decree. This specifies the types of waste in healthcare facilities and holds each medical institution responsible for managing its waste. An estimated 60 percent of healthcare waste is treated, while the rest (like industrial waste, demolition and other types of waste) is mixed with municipal waste. The Syrian crisis has added to the challenging solid waste situation in Lebanon. An estimated 15.7 percent of additional solid waste is attributed to displaced populations, leading to existing solid waste management infrastructure being stressed, an increase in open dumping and open burning of waste, and increased contamination of land, surface and groundwater. ref: LEBANON- Voluntary National Review (VNR) on sustainable development goals (SDGs).

The Lebanese University strives through its partnership with several a considerable number of Lebanese municipalities and local institutions to develop research and incorporate academic, environmental and social sustainability axis in order to put standards and analyses concerning waste managing.

The Lebanese University established an agreement with the Institut national de la recherche agronomique INRA dated on 28 May 2019, (doc 66) aiming to collaborate in the different areas of common interest in particularly in the areas of waste water and solid waste management and treatment and to facilitate and develop exchanges of information between their scientists.

The Lebanese University established agreements with some Lebanese municipalities aiming to exchange expertise and consulting in several projects of a social, health, environmental, engineering and waste managing, such as:

Ehden Municipality: signed agreement on 26 July 2018 (doc 67)

Federation of Municipalities of Tire Caza signed an agreement was signed on 19 November 2017 (doc 68) aiming to develop agricultural and environmental work and sustainable development.

Federation of Municipalities of Jabal Amel Caza signed on 19 November 2017 (doc 69) aiming to develop agricultural and environmental work and sustainable development.

Tripoli municipality: signed agreement on 17 May 2018 (doc 70)

Also, the Lebanese University signed an agreement with the South Council on 19 November 2017 (doc 71) aiming to develop agricultural and environmental work and sustainable development.

Federation of Menieh Caza (doc 72) aiming to support doctoral students willing to pursue their doctoral studies and research in sciences and technology field.

The Lebanese University participated to the international project HEBA585740-EPP-1-2017-1-AT-EPPKA2-CBHE-JP in partnership with Universitaet Innsbruck (Autriche): High Level rEnewaBle and energy efficiency mAster courses enabling students to perform research and studies related to renewable energy.

Waste sorting project in Faculty of Engineering

On February 4, 2019, at the request of the administration and students of the Faculty of Engineering - First Branch at the Lebanese University (Environmental and Social Volunteering Club), the Fayhaa Municipalities Union provided two containers to sort waste from the source and it was distributed on the campus in the north.

According to the initiative launched by the "Engineering", the two containers were distributed on campus, provided that the faculties of engineering, science, and arts are able to participate in this mission, which takes into account the conditions for screening and preserving the environment in the university and society.

Waste sorting project in Faculty of Public Health

On February 13, 2019, the Environmental Scout Organization in Lebanon launched a new school campaign to raise environmental awareness in the field of waste sorting from the source for 2019, within the framework of the existing cooperation with the Municipality of Tripoli and the students of the Lebanese University - Faculty of Public Health. The campaign included a practical training activity on sorting, recycling and reuse, and an explanation of the risks posed by the wrong treatment of household waste, through interactive games and presentations by the participants.

An environmental day in "The Arts"

On February 6, 2019, in cooperation with the Municipality of Furn Al-Shubbak - Ain Al-Rummaneh - Hawita Al-Nahr, the Faculty of Fine Arts and Architecture - the second branch of the Lebanese University organized an environmental day during which it launched a waste sorting project in the college in specific containers.

The Environmental Day, which aims to spread clean and sustainable environmental awareness at the level of the university in particular and the country in general, was attended by the head of the Municipal Council and the President of the Southern Matn Municipalities Union Raymond Samaan who contributed to the provision of containers and coordination with the ( City Blu ) to collect the waste sorted periodically. After the words that explained the mechanism of work and the educational, social and environmental goal of this activity, all participated in a campaign of cleanliness and field screening in the college.

The Lebanese University organizes an environmental activity on the “Saint Simon Beach”

On April 15, 2019, a number of professors and students organized an activity including waste collection and sorting on the “Saint Simon Beach”, in cooperation with the “Dahiyati Tafroz” campaign, following the initiative of the Environmental Committee and the EcoGreen Club of the Lebanese University – Faculty of Public Health (Branch 1).