12.2.7.Policies extend to outsourced suppliers and the supply chain for supplier outsourced services

Lebanese University reduces the production of garbage and reduces food losses along the production and supply chains in order to improve the performance of all staff, faculty, and students. In this regard, the Lebanese University hosts government policies regarding minimization around the use minimization of plastic and these policies, as a public entity, should be extended to outsourced suppliers and the supply chain services.

Lebanon has a population of 5.6 million people in 2013 that produces 2,040,000 tons of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) per year. While the composition of the wastes is in majority organic (exceeding 50 %; this percentage varying between urban and rural areas, as well as between summer and winter, paper/cardboards and plastics constitute a significant proportion, with glass and metal contributing largely too. High moisture content is also prevalent in wastes, often exceeding 60%. It is considered that the MSW generation per capita varies from around 0.7 Kg/p/d in rural areas to around 0.85 to 1.1 Kg/p/d in urban areas, with a national weighted average estimated at around 0.95 Kg/p/d. The foreseen increase in waste generation is estimated at an average of 1.65% across the country; this growth is however highly unevenly distributed. Almost all of the MSW generated in Lebanon is collected by public or private haulers (99% in rural areas, 100% in urban); however, management varies from one area to another: 8% is recycled, 15% is composted (several treatment plants already constructed will be put in operation soon, hence increasing percentage), 51% is landfilled and 26% is disposed of in open dumps. See more at: https://www.retechgermany.net/fileadmin/retech/05_mediathek/laenderinformationen/Libanon_RA_ANG_WEB_Laenderprofile_sweep_net.pdf

For the management of Municipal Solid Waste - SWM there are two specific legal instruments: Decree 8735 of 1974 assigns solid waste management as a municipal responsibility, and Decree 9093 of 2002 provides municipalities with an incentive to house a management facility for waste. The remaining elements of The legal framework provide authority for entities to act with respect to municipal solid waste or address other types of waste. The Lebanese University brings in compliance with these instruments for around use minimization of plastic.

Initiative to Reach Zero Waste at the Faculty of Public Health - Branch 2.

See information in - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ILUH7JAolj4&t=78s

On January 15, 2019, the students at the Lebanese University - Faculty of Public Health (branch 2) began, three years ago, the initiative of proper management of generated waste after being surrounded by rotten and burning trash. They are sorting today for recycling and composting in the campus aiming not to add to the hundred thousand tons dumped in our nature and to reach the path towards Zero Waste.

Signing of a cooperation agreement between the Ministry of the Environment and the Lebanese University

The most important thing is that the agreement is flexible and may involve any third party when needed. It allows to secure specialists to participate in research, teaching and environmental guidance through the exchange of expertise.

The Minister of the Environment, Muhammad Al-Machnouk, signed a cooperation agreement with the President of the Lebanese University, Dr. Adnan Al-Sayed Hussein, aimed at promoting the environmental sector, rehabilitating the damaged environment, and spreading agricultural awareness and environment in Lebanon.

The signing ceremony was attended by the Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture of the Lebanese University, Dr. Samir Al-Mudawar, the Head of the Department of the Environment of the College, Dr. Nadine Nassif, Dr. Abdel Halim Mneimneh, the Advisor to the Minister of the Environment, Dr. Manal Muslim, Dr. Youssef Dougan and various heads of departments of the ministry.

In his welcoming speech to the Lebanese University delegation, Minister Al-Machnouk said: “We meet today with the Lebanese University, which we are proud of as the main resource for the results of university education in most countries. official departments and private institutions. It constitutes at least half of the university students in Lebanon, and with this expansion and the number of specializations that it was able to cover all the job opportunities available in Lebanon, the region and the world. "