8.2.3. Policy on discrimination in the workplace

Lebanese University promotes decent work and economic growth for the sake of enhancing all staff, the faculty, and students' performance. In this sense, the Lebanese University as a public institution abides by the Lebanese Labor Law and public decrees which define wages according to functions.

  1. Scope of labour inspection

The Lebanese Labour Law is applicable to all workers and employers except domestic workers, agricultural workers, enterprises limited to family members and public servants. The DLIPS supervises the implementation of all laws, regulations, decrees and rules pertaining to the terms and conditions of employment, and the protection of workers in the workplace, including the provisions of international labour Conventions ratified. Labour inspectors ensure the supervision of compliance with regulations regarding conditions of employment and protection of workers including occupational safety and health. In addition, they monitor if trade unions and occupational associations comply with relevant laws, monitor compliance with protection and safety measures in family enterprises and the work of private employment agencies. Under their functions they also investigate collective labour disputes. They are also involved in conciliation and the control of work permits for foreign workers.

  1. This program constituted a comprehensive approach that sought to reform labor governance, design policies that create productive employment opportunities, and expand social protection to include everyone.

As the public educational institution in Lebanon, the Lebanese University adheres to the principles, regulations and laws that protect workers, and considers that attention must be paid to Lebanese youth who face a great challenge due to the lack of job opportunities and high unemployment rates, which explains their desire to emigrate.

The Lebanese University also supports efforts aimed at bridging the gender gap in the labor market, and focuses on the following key points in its strategy of dealing with the issue of decent work and economic growth:

  • Working to restore respect for the social contract that includes human rights in access to education;

  • Providing access to decent work, health and social care, old-age security, housing, transportation and clean environment;

  • Providing comprehensive social protection from birth to old age by establishing a social protection basis that provides a basic level of protection for every person in need, especially in the areas of health and unemployment;

  • Establishing a comprehensive guarantee for workers, regardless of their contracting arrangements or employment status, and basic workers' rights and adequate living wages;

  • Ensuring collective representation of workers and employers through equal social dialogue as a public interest (unions and associations).

The employees and professors of the Lebanese University are considered public sector employees who are subject to special Law No. 46/2017 (public salary scale law) regarding their wages and Law No. 206/2012 regarding the wages for Lebanese University professors.

Since Decree No. 7426 of January 25, 2012 decided to set the official minimum wage for employees and workers subject to the Labor Law, the cost of living rate and how to apply it, and since the Parliamentary Commission for Administration and Justice recommended in its session of 11/11/2011 to the government “to draft a bill that includes new chains that take into account all the increases that occurred with respect to the inflation rate, in order to preserve equality between the different chains and the privacy of the workstations, in order to end the one-time increases.

Given that the public administration suffers from a large vacancy in its workforce, and the salaries received by employees cannot constitute, in their current state, an incentive to attract skills, and given that the historical vision of the evolution of salaries in the The public sector clearly shows the imbalance that it has suffered and the most recent large gap between the wages of the different workers in the sector. This has negatively affected the work of public administrations. And since many of the laws that imposed exceptional increases or reconsidered the salary chains of some wires, the gap between the salaries of public sector workers increased, either between wires or between workers in public administrations, and since this matter paid those who were not included in the new chains or ranks.

  1. The National Employment Office (NEO)

The National Employment Office (NEO), was established in 1977 under Decree No. 80, which subordinated it to the oversight of the Ministry of Labor, noting that it enjoys both legal personality and financial and administrative independence. In particular, handles the following:

  • Establishment and supervision of employment offices in Beirut and all Lebanese regions.

  • Combating unemployment by securing a high rate of employment.

  • Improving the organization of the labour market.

  • Promoting projects that impact on the labor market.

  • Helping develop the skills of the labor force.

  • Conducting studies and research aimed at determining the general employment policy.

In this context, the board of directors of the NEO included parties that are supposed to represent the parties concerned, where Lebanese University is present. In addition to the Minister of Labour and the Director-General of the Ministry, the NEO includes 5 members representing employers in various economic sectors, 5 members representing the CGTL, and 3 members representing the Lebanese University, the Directorate of Professional and Technical Education, and the Center for Research and Development respectively.

6. Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.

  • Article 1.

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

  • Article 2.

Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

  • Article 3.

Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

  • Article 4.

No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

  • Article 5.

No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

  • Article 6.

Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

  • Article 7.

All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

  • Article 8.

Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.